This beginner-friendly, step-by-step guide is designed to help you install Odoo 16 on Ubuntu 20.04, even if you're new to the Unix command line. Follow the steps below to successfully install Odoo 16 and enhance your business management experience. If you prefer to install Odoo on any server with just one click, you can use Cloudpepper for a seamless experience.
Step 1: Open the Terminal
To begin, you need to access the command line interface in Ubuntu. Press Ctrl + Alt + T to open the Terminal application.
Step 2: Update Your System
First, update your system packages to ensure you're working with the latest versions. Type the following command and press Enter:
sudo apt update && sudo apt upgrade
Enter your password when prompted, and wait for the update process to complete.
Step 3: Install Dependencies
Odoo requires certain dependencies to function correctly. Run the following command to install them:
sudo apt install git python3-pip build-essential wget python3-dev python3-venv python3-wheel libfreetype6-dev libxml2-dev libzip-dev libldap2-dev libsasl2-dev python3-setuptools node-less libjpeg-dev zlib1g-dev libpq-dev libxslt1-dev libldb-dev libldap2-dev libtirpc-dev
Step 4: Create an Odoo User
Create a new system user for Odoo and assign it a home directory:
sudo useradd -m -d /opt/odoo -U -r -s /bin/bash odoo
Step 5: Install PostgreSQL
Odoo uses PostgreSQL as its database management system. Install PostgreSQL with this command:
sudo apt install postgresql
After installation, create a new PostgreSQL user for Odoo:
sudo su - postgres -c "createuser -s odoo"
Step 6: Install Wkhtmltopdf
Wkhtmltopdf is a dependency for generating PDF reports in Odoo. Download and install it using these commands:
wget https://github.com/wkhtmltopdf/wkhtmltopdf/releases/download/0.12.5/wkhtmltox_0.12.5-1.bionic_amd64.deb sudo apt install ./wkhtmltox_0.12.5-1.bionic_amd64.deb
Step 7: Download Odoo 16
Switch to the Odoo user and download the Odoo 16 source code:
sudo su - odoo git clone https://github.com/odoo/odoo.git --depth 1 --branch 16.0 /opt/odoo/odoo16
Step 8: Create a Virtual Environment
Create a new virtual environment for Odoo and activate it:
python3 -m venv /opt/odoo/odoo16-venv source /opt/odoo/odoo16-venv/bin/activate
Step 9: Install Python Dependencies
Within the virtual environment, install the required Python packages:
pip install wheel pip install -r /opt/odoo/odoo16/requirements.txt
Deactivate the virtual environment when finished:
Step 10: Configure Odoo
Create a configuration file for Odoo:
sudo mkdir /etc/odoo sudo touch /etc/odoo/odoo.conf sudo nano /etc/odoo/odoo.conf ``
Copy and paste the following configuration settings into the /etc/odoo/odoo.conf file:
[options] ; This is the password that allows database operations: admin_passwd = your_strong_admin_password db_host = False db_port = False db_user = odoo db_password = False addons_path = /opt/odoo/odoo16/addons
Replace your_strong_admin_password with a secure password of your choice. Save the file and exit by pressing Ctrl + X, followed by Y and Enter.
Step 11: Create a Systemd Service File
Create a systemd service file to manage the Odoo service:
sudo nano /etc/systemd/system/odoo.service
Paste the following content into the odoo.service file:
[Unit] Description=Odoo16 Requires=postgresql.service After=network.target postgresql.service [Service] Type=simple SyslogIdentifier=odoo16 PermissionsStartOnly=true User=odoo Group=odoo ExecStart=/opt/odoo/odoo16-venv/bin/python3 /opt/odoo/odoo16/odoo-bin -c /etc/odoo/odoo.conf StandardOutput=journal+console [Install] WantedBy=multi-user.target
Save and exit by pressing Ctrl + X, followed by Y and Enter.
Step 12: Enable and Start the Odoo Service
Enable the Odoo service to start automatically at boot:
sudo systemctl enable odoo
Start the Odoo service:
sudo systemctl start odoo
Check the status of the Odoo service to ensure it's running:
sudo systemctl status odoo
If the service is running, you'll see an "active (running)" status.
Step 13: Access Odoo in Your Web Browser
Open your web browser and navigate to:
Replace your_server_ip_or_domain with your server's IP address or domain name. You should see the Odoo setup page, where you can create a new database and start using Odoo 16.
Congratulations! You've successfully installed Odoo 16 on Ubuntu 20.04. Remember, if you'd prefer a one-click installation process, you can use Cloudpepper for a seamless experience.